The official Journal  of Biological Innovations Research & Developmental Society

(A premier scientific society registered under Societies  Registration Act XXI of 1860 vide Registration No.: SOCIETY/WEST/2015/8901888)


Conflict of Interest



Biological Insights strongly believes that transparency and objectivity are essential in scientific research and the peer review process. When an investigator, author, editor, or reviewer has a financial/personal interest or belief that could affect his/her objectivity, or inappropriately influence his/her actions, a potential conflict of interest exists and should be immediately  intimated to editor in chief  of Biological Insights

The most obvious conflicts of interest are financial relationships such as:

  • Direct: employment, stock ownership, grants, patents.

  • Indirect: honoraria, consultancies to sponsoring organizations, mutual fund ownership, paid expert testimony.

Any undeclared financial conflicts may seriously undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, editors and reviewers so they are  strictly advised  to declare any financial  conflict of interest to editor in chief  of Biological Insights. For example neglecting to disclose the role of the study sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication would be considered as a conflict of interest. Therefore while  submitting a paper, a declaration (with the heading 'Role of the funding source') should be made in a separate section of the text and placed before the references.

Biological Insights  may request that authors of a study funded by an agency with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcome sign a statement, such as “I had full access to all of the data in this study and I take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.”

Conflicts can also exist as a result of personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

For  example he  might be a researcher who has:

  • A relative who works at the company whose product the researcher is evaluating.

  • A self-serving stake in the research results (e.g. potential promotion/career advancement based on outcomes).

  • Personal beliefs that are in direct conflict with the topic he/she is researching.

 However not all relationships represent a true conflict of interest–conflicts can be potential or actual. Some considerations that should be taken into account include: whether the person's association with the organization interferes with their ability to carry out the research or paper without bias; and whether the relationship, when later revealed, make a reasonable reader feel deceived or misled.

Full disclosure about a relationship that could constitute a conflict–even if the person doesn't believe it affects their judgment–should be reported to the institution's ethics group and to the journal editor of Biological Insights. Biological Insights require disclosure in the form of a cover letter and/or footnote in the manuscript.

Reviewers must also disclose any conflicts that could bias their opinions of the manuscript.

The  journal may use disclosures as a basis for editorial decisions and may publish them if they are believed to be important to readers in judging the manuscript. Likewise, the journal may decide not to publish on the basis of the declared conflict.